A maximin criterion it the decision-making basis for the protection of the environment from the harmful effects of the road

M. V. Khvorost, K. V. Danova, V. V. Malysheva

Abstract


Problem statement. The quality of atmospheric air on territories, which are situated near to the highways depends on the levels of ingredient and parametric pollution, the growth of which depends on both traffic flow parameters and environmental factors. Chemicals, which get into the air of the territories, which are situated near to the highways, negatively affect on the health of inhabitants of dwelling zones. So the issue of analysis of the impact of ingredient and parametric pollution of automobile flows on the environment and development an effective system of decision-making on protection of the atmospheric air of the territories, which are situated near to the highways, is relevant. Analysis of publications and statement of purpose of research. Decisions on protection of dwelling zones should be based on urban, logistic and environmental conditions and to form effective control system of environmental protection. Also, the decision-making system for the protection of dwelling zones from the ingredient and parametric pollution should be based on the results of the risk assessment to the environment from the impact of highways (Environmental Risk), which involves the risk for human health (Human Health Risk) and environmental risk (Ecological Risk). Using the results of this assessment will allow to implement the effective security control of environment and to develop effective techniques for its protection. Results. The use of a maximin criterion in management decisions for the protection of the environment from the ingredient and parametric pollution from the highway is justified because the magnitude of the risk of erroneous actions is significantly decreases.

Keywords


environment; ingredient and parametric pollution; risk; highway

References


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GOST Style Citations


1. Державні санітарні правила планування та забудови населених пунктів (наказ Міністерства охорони здоров'я України від 19 червня 1996 р. N 173). – Режим доступу: http://zakon3.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/z0379-96/page

2. Звіти Державної служби статистики України. – Режим доступу: http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua/

3. Ting Xiaa, Monika Nitschkeb, Ying Zhangc, Pushan Shahd, Shona Crabba, Alana Hansena. Trafficrelated air pollution and health cobenefits of alternative transport in Adelaide, South Australia. Environment International Volume 74, January 2015, pp. 281-290. Available at: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0160412014002980 (in English).

4. Rui Chena, Bin Hua, Ying Liua, Jianxun Xua, Guosheng Yangb, Diandou Xub, Chunying Chen. Beyond PM2.5: The role of ultrafine particles on adverse health effects of air pollution. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) – General Subjects Volume 1860, Issue 12, December 2016, pp. 2844-2855 SI: Air Pollution – Air Pollution: Biochemical Aspects. Available at: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304416516300745 (in English).

5. Marko Tainioa, Audrey J. de Nazelleb, Thomas Götschic. Can air pollution negate the health benefits of cycling and walking? Preventive Medicine Volume 87, June 2016, pp 233-236. Available at: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0091743516000402 (in English).

6. Xavier Morellia, Camille Rieuxb, Josef Cyrysd. Air pollution, health and social deprivation: A finescale risk assessment. Environmental Research Volume 147, May 2016, pp. 59-70. Available at: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0013935116300287 (in English).

7. Insa Kortena, Kathryn Ramseyc, Philipp Latzin. Air pollution during pregnancy and lung development in the child. Paediatric Respiratory Reviews. Available at: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1526054216300823 (in English).

8. Nurul Ashikin Bte Mabahwi, Oliver Ling Hoon Leh, Dasimah Omar. Human Health and Wellbeing: Human health effect of air pollution. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences 153 ( 2014 ), pp 221-229. Available at: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1877042814054986 (in English).

9. Maja Kiba-Janiaka, Katarzyna Chebab. How Local Authorities are Engaged in Implementation of Projects Related to Passenger and Freight Transport in Order to Reduce Environmental Degradation in the City. 1st International Conference Green Cities 2014 – Green Logistics for Greener Cities. Available at: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1877042814054561 (in English).

10. Jayantha Withanaarachchia, Sujeeva Setunge. Decision making on transport network planning and the impact on community, economy and the environment. 4th International Conference on Building Resilience, Building Resilience 2014, 8-10 September 2014, Salford Quays, United Kingdom. Available at: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2212567114010144 (in English).



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