Problem-solving in graduation projects – evidence from development of wage design

T. V. Zakharova


Purpose. One of the most important tasks of higher education is improving the quality of employment training and developing competencies of a future professional The competence of future professionals depends largely on the knowledge and skills that students have received during their studies, practical training and doing diploma projects. The students majoring in transport perform graduation projects on design improvement of cars under the guidance of a teacher; as a result they acquire theoretical and practical skills in their specialty. Future professionals should make their own decisions, take responsibility for the development of new designs of railway cars and their components, analyze and think outside the box, as well as  consider the ideas suggested by other authors and make use of the latest scientific and technical achievements. The necessity of preparation of competent highly qualified professionals in the field of railway transport who are able to solve challenges of carriage building determines the demand for improvements of higher technical education. The aim of this work is to present techniques of solving some problematic tasks by the example of implementation of diploma projects by the students specializing in carriages. Methodology. Offering a challenge on design development of carriages teachers make students think creatively and, if necessary, extend their knowledge. Using the elements of problem-based learning, teachers make the process of project implementation more creative. Self-guided work of  diploma students with the information resources of the Internet, literary sources and patent materials can help to develop their creative abilities. In the process of searching for new ideas different methods can be applied such as heuristic or algorithmic methods: the method of basic questions, brainstorming, analogue method, etc. Only problem-based learning methods, the ability to choose the key points, spacious mind, creative initiative of the student systematic accumulation of knowledge, skills and abilities will allow a graduate to become a qualified specialist. The method iss based on stimulating the power of apprehension and creative abilities of students. Results. Setting problem tasks before diploma students helps enrich their knowledge, improve assimilability, develop creative abilities and essential working skills.. Originality Some issues of problem solving have been considered during the execution of graduation projects on design development of cars. Practical significance. Positive results in problem solving promote students' positive attitude to further learning and self-improvement, development of creative initiatives which positively influence the training of students specializing in carriages; they are able to apply their knowledge in practice and constantly improve their professional level.


graduation projects; problem tasks; wage design


Arsenteva E.S., Kosogova Y.P., Metzler A.A. and Tomilina M.E. Opyt primeneniia interaktivnykh form obucheniia v protsesse prepodavaniia tekhnicheskikh distsiplin .[Experience with interactive forms of learning in teaching technical subjects]. Nauchno-metodicheskiy elektronnyy zhurnal «Kontsept» [Scientific and methodical electronic journal Concept], 2016, no. 2 (February), pp. 81-85. Available at: (in Russian).

Gosudarstvennaia programma «Obrazovaniye i molodezhnaia politika» na 2016 – 2020 gody.[State programme "Education and Youth Policy" for 2016 – 2020] – Utv. Postanovleniye Soveta Ministrov Respubliki Belarus [Approved by the Resolution of the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus], 28.03.2016, no. 260. (in Russian).

Gosudarstvennaia programma razvitiia transportnogo kompleksa Respubliki Belarus na 2016–2020 gody [The state program for transport development of the Republic of Belarus for 2016-2020] Utv. Postanovleniyem Soveta Ministrov Respubliki Belarus [Approved by the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus], no. 1851. (in Russian)

Zakharova, T. V. and Zakharov D. V. Kompiuternyye tekhnologii v protsesse izucheniia informatiki i tekhnicheskikh distsiplin [Computer technologies in the process of studying computer science and technical subjects] Stroitelstvo. Materialovedeniye. Mashinostroyeniye. Seriia: Kompiuternyye sistemy i informatsionnyye tekhnologii v obrazovanii, nauke i upravlenii [Computer systems and information technologies in education, science and management Sb. nauchn. tr]. Dnepropetrovsk: PGASA, 2016. no. 94, pp.62–67. (in Russian).

Kolokolov E. I., Tomilin S. A. and Fedotov A. G. Realizatsiia interaktivnoy formy obucheniia pri podgotovke vypusknykh kvalifikatsionnykh rabot [Implementation of interactive forms of training for graduation projects] Inzhenernyy vestnik Dona. – [Engineering journal of Don], 2015. Available at: (in Russian).

Liberman Ya. L, and Lukashuk O. A. Resheniye problemnykh zadach pri razrabotke diplomnykh proyektov studentami tekhnicheskogo vuza.[ Problem Solving in Graduation Projects of Students of Technical Universities] Pedagogicheskoe obrazovanie v Rossii. –[ Pedagogical education in Russia], 2014, no. 5, pp. 75-79. Available at:

Petruneva R. M., Vasilievа V.D. and Dulinа N. V. Problemy uchebno-ingenernogo proyektirovaniia v sovremennoy praktike tekhnicheskogo vyza [Problems of design engineering in modern practice of a technical college] Sibirskiy pedagogicheskiy gyrnal. [Siberian pedagogical journal]. 2010, pp. 70-76. Available at: (in Russian).

GOST Style Citations

1. Арсентьева, Е. С. Опыт применения интерактивных форм обучения в процессе преподавания технических дисциплин / Е. С Арсентьева, Ю. П. Косогова, А. А Мецлер, М. Е. Томилина // Научно-методический электронный журнал «Концепт». – 2016. – № 2 (февраль). – С. 81–85. – Режим доступа: Назв. c экрана. – Проверено: 29.09.2017.

2. Государственная программа «Образование и молодежная политика» на 2016 – 2020 годы. – Утв. Постановление Совета Министров Республики Беларусь, 28.03.2016 № 260.

3. Государственная программа развития транспортного комплекса Республики Беларусь на 2016–2020 годы – Утв. Постановлением Совета Министров Республики Беларусь № 1851.

4. Захарова, Т. В. Компьютерные технологии в процессе изучения информатики и технических дисциплин / Т. В. Захарова, Д. В. Захаров // Строительство. Материаловедение. Машиностроение. Сб. научн. тр. №94. Серия: Компьютерные системы и информационные технологии в образовании, науке и управлении – Днепропетровск, ПГАСА, 2016. – С.62–67/

5. Колоколов Е. И., Томилин С. А., Федотов А. Г. Реализация интерактивной формы обучения при подготовке выпускных квалификационных работ // Инженерный вестник Дона. – 2015. – Режим доступа: /ru/magazine/archive/n2p2y2015/3028. Назв. c экрана. – Проверено: 30.09.2017.

6. Либерман Я. Л. Решение проблемных задач при разработке дипломных проектов студентами технического вуза./ Я.Л. Либерман, О. А. Лукашук //Педагогическое образование в России. – 2014, – № 5, – С. 75-79. – Режим доступа: Назв. c экрана. – Проверено: 29.09.2017.

7. Петрунева Р.М. Проблемы учебно-инженерного проектирования в современной практике технического вуза / Р.М. Петрунева, В.Д. Васильева, Н.В. Дулина // Сибирский педагогический журнал. – 2010. – С.70-76 – Режим доступа. Назв. c экрана. – Проверено: 29.09.2017.


  • There are currently no refbacks.