Research requirements for information-analytical component identification man-made risks

O. N. Hunchenko, A. S. Belikov, N. A. Kasyanov, P. І. Stefanovich, E. S. Sukharevskaya

Abstract


Goal. The aim of the study is to improve the information and analytical component of the definition of man-caused risks for the emergency response (ER) system. Methodology. The factors analyses is the most convenient tool for studying the processes of the influence of initiating factors on the indicators of technogenic risk and the development of emergency situations, with the help of which it is possible to solve the problem of determining the regularities that exist under the influence of internal and external factors. Results. It is shown that the problem of determining objective quantitative indicators of the state of man-caused risk and the reliability of the human-machine-environment system functioning is topical and related to the improvement of existing methods and tools on the basis of the same and understandable under practical conditions, regardless of the specifics of production, the system approach. The latter should be based on a risk assessment, not only as a safety management method, but also as a means of implementing the developed measures to prevent, reduce or eliminate harmful and dangerous production factors (HDPF). But it also requires improvement and simplification through the development and use of criteria for determining the HDPF to assess the social and economic effectiveness of activities in this risk management system, which must be taken into account in the production environment. The scientific novelty. It is proved that the development and improvement of methods for analysis and assessment of risks is not only the removal of insignificant effects on the effect of HDPF from them, but also the perfect consideration of the risk of generative factors and mechanisms of occurrence of emergencies. It is shown that the improvement of approaches to risk assessment should be carried out on a common indicator that will allow comparison of the effect of HDPF having different origins with carriers in the form of various types of energy, taking into account the overall effect of the contribution or the weight fraction of individual factors and the definition of an integrated hazard level of the technical system. Practical significance. The influence of initiating factors improves the information and analytical component of determining the technogenic risk for the emergency response system, which simplifies the disclosure of the mechanism of the formation of cause-effect relationships between the process of occurrence and change in risk, allows you to predict its performance and justify them to minimize their values.

Keywords


industrial risks; risk management; information-analytical component; system of emergency response

References


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