Green design in the concept of sustainable development of modern cities and towns

Tetyana Tkachenko, Viktor Mileikovskyi

Abstract


Abstract.  Purpose. Defining the role of green structures in the sustainable development of modern cities. Methodology. Based on the analysis of literary sources, domestic and foreign experience of the implementation of green designs, as well as the author’s experience of design, creation and operation of green roofs and experimental studies of the elements, the charts of the role of green construction and green structures in the sustainable development of modern settlements is proposed. At that, the main directions of scientific research of green structures to improve the efficiency of their use is defined. Results. In this work, «green structures» means architectural-construction elements, combined with live plants: roof greening, façade green blocks, vertical gardening, ecoparking, green slopes. Green structures fit into the modern concept of sustainable development due to the possibility of effective use in green construction of modern settlements. These structures are one of the directions of solving the key tasks of green construction: improving the environment state, energy efficiency, concern for future generations. Design of green structures should be guided by the principle from the particular to the general, that is separate building – green street – green area – green city. Green structures improve the energy efficiency of buildings. First of all, they provide additional insulation. Therefore, they should be used in places of the greatest heat loss in buildings: the roof and the northern façades of buildings. A chart for the role of green construction in the concept of modern cities and territories is developed, on the basis of which the place of green structures in the sustainable development of cities is defined. Studies of thermal processes in green roofs are being carried out, as a result of which recommendations will be proposed to optimize the location of greenery parts of the structure and control the circulation of air on green roofs. Scientific novelty. The scientific novelty of the work is defining the place and the role of green structures in green construction of modern settlements within the concept of sustainable development.  Practical significance. The practical value of the work is developing methods and solving problems by using green structures for improving the environment, energy efficiency and safety of human life.

Keywords


sustainable development; green building; green construction; modern city; environment; energy efficiency, concern for future generations

References


Benuzh A.A. and Kolchigin M.A. Analiz kontseptsii zelionogo stroitelstva kak mekhanizma po obespecheniiu ekologicheskoi bezopasnosti stroitelnoi deiatelnosti [Analysis of conception of green construction as mechanism of provision of environmental safety of construction activity]. Vestnik MGSU [Bulletin of Moscow State Construction University], no 12, 2012, P.161-165. Available at: https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&ved=0ahUKEwiY3O79r6zTAhUCEywKHeuwBNIQ FggiMAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fvestnikmgsu.ru%2Findex.php%2Fru%2Farchive%2Farticle%2Fdownload%2F1839&usg=AF QjCNGDtVGUiThwUxhZqKTLCeD5ksDUkw&sig2=BPNJ1-gXOqQ03uyj5iX7mA&bvm=bv.152479541,d.bGg (In Russian).

Vernadskii V.I. Neskolko slov o noosphere [Some words about the noosphere]. Uspechy sovremennoy biologii [Achievements in contemporary biology]. - № 18, iss. 2, 1944. – P. 113-120. Available at: http://vernadsky.lib.ru/e-texts/archive/noos.html (in Russian).

Danslishyn B.M., Myshenko V.S., Koval V.Y., Novotorov O.S. and Palamarchuk M.M. Pryrodno-resursnyi potentsial staloho rozvytku Ukrainy [Natural-Resource potential of sustainable development of Ukraine]. Kiev: RVPS Ukrainy [Council of Productive Forces of Ukraine], 1999. – 716 p. (in Ukrainian).

Sadovenko A., Maslovska L., Sereda V., and Timochko T. Stalyi rosvitok suspilstva: navchalnyi posibnyk [Sustainable development of society: school-book] . – iss. 2. – Kyiv, 2011. – 392 p. Available at: http://msdp.undp.org.ua/data/publications/rozvytok_suspilstva_undp.pdf (in Ukrainian).

Telichenko V.I. Ot ekologicheskogo i zelionogo stroitelstva – k ekologicheskoi bezopasnosti stroitelstva [From ecological and green construction – to ecology safe construction]. Promyshlennoe i gragdanskoe stroitelstvo [Industrial and civil engineering], 2011, no 2, P. 47-51. Available at: http://library.spbstu.ru/ru/search/pdf/024deab7f93ad880ef82139db0390a1e.pdf (In Russian).

Tkachenko T.M. Zeleni pokrivli yak resurs dochovoy vody v suchasnomu urbozenozi [Green roofs – resource of rain water in contemporary urbocenosis]. Problemy vodopostachanny, vodovidvedenny ta gidravliky [Problems of water supply, canalization and hydraulic], Iss. 27, Kyiv, KNUBA [Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture], 2016, P.364-369. (in Ukrainian).

Tkachenko T.N. and Mileikovskii V.A. Metodika sozdaniia fizicheskoi modeli ekstensivnoi zelionoi krovli [Method of design of physical model of extensive green roof]. Sbornik nauchnykh trudov instituta vodnogo khoziaistva im. Ts.E. Mirtskhulava Gruzinskogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta [Scientific collection of the Tsotne Mirtskhulava Institute of water management of Georgian technical university], no. 71, Tbilisi, Institut vodnogo chozystva im.Z.E. Mirzchulava Gruzinskogo technicheskogo universiteta [Tsotne Mirtskhulava Institute of water management of Georgian technical university], 2016, P. 117-122. Available at: https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B0_vLlh7O4_RUjkxVHJscEtyRXc/view (in Russian).

Tkachuk A.Ya. Rozrakhunkova model userednenoho rukhu v turbulentnii zoni ploskykh i visesymetrychnykh prystinnykh prymezhovykh shariv [Simulation of the averaged motion in turbulent zone of flat and axis-symmetrical wall boundary layers]. Ventyliatsiia, osvitlennia ta teplohazopostachannia [Ventilation, Illumination and heat and gas supply], iss. 2, Kyiv, KNUBA [Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture], 2001. – pp. 3-18. – Available at: http://science.knuba.edu.ua/source/vydannya/vent-osvitl-teplogaz/vent-osvitl-teplogaz-02-2001.pdf .

Guarnieri Timothy J. The Real Cost of Sustainable Development. AACE International Transactions. 2008. pp. 1–7. Available at: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/5497224/ .

Gumen O., Dovhaliuk V., Mileikovskyi V., Lebedieva O., Dziubenko V. Geometric Analysis of Turbulent Macrostructure in Jets Laid on Flat Surfaces for Turbulence Intensity Calculation. FME Transactions, Belgrade: University of Belgrade, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, 2017, no 2(45), pp. 236–242. Available at: http://www.mas.bg.ac.rs/_media/istrazivanje/fme/vol45/2/6_vmileikovskyi_et_al.pdf .

World Urbanization Prospects. The 2014 Revision. Final Report, United Nations, New York, 2015 - 493 P. Available at: https://esa.un.org/unpd/wup/publications/files/wup2014-highlights.Pdf .


GOST Style Citations


1. Бенуж А.А. Анализ концепции зеленого строительства как механизма по обеспечению экологической безопасности строительной деятельности / Бенуж А.А., Колчигин М.А. // Вестник МГСУ. - № 12, 2012. – С.161-165. Режим доступа: https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&ved=0ahUKEwiY3O79r6zTAhUCEywKHeuwBNIQ FggiMAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fvestnikmgsu.ru%2Findex.php%2Fru%2Farchive%2Farticle%2Fdownload%2F1839&usg=AF QjCNGDtVGUiThwUxhZqKTLCeD5ksDUkw&sig2=BPNJ1-gXOqQ03uyj5iX7mA&bvm=bv.152479541,d.bGg . 2. Вернадский В.И. Несколько слов о ноосфере // Успехи современной биологии. - № 18, вып.2, 1944. – С.113-120. – Режим доступа: http://vernadsky.lib.ru/e-texts/archive/noos.html . 3. Данилишин Б.М. Природно-ресурсний потенціал сталого розвитку України / Данилишин Б.М., Дорогунцов С.І., Міщенко В.С., Коваль В.Я., Новоторов О.С., Паламарчук М.М. – Київ: РВПС України, 1999. – 716 с. 4. Садовенко А. Сталий розвиток суспільства: навчальний посібник / А. Садовенко, Л. Масловська, В. Середа, Т. Тимочко. – 2 вид. – Київ, 2011. – 392 с. – Режим доступу: http://msdp.undp.org.ua/data/publications/rozvytok_suspilstva_undp.pdf . 5. Теличенко В.И. От экологического и «зеленого» строительства – к экологической безопасности строительства / В.И. Теличенко // Промышленное и гражданское строительство. 2011. -  № 2.- С. 47–51. – Режим доступа: http://library.spbstu.ru/ru/search/pdf/024deab7f93ad880ef82139db0390a1e.pdf . 6. Ткаченко Т.М. Зелені покрівлі як ресурс дощової води в сучасному урбоценозі / Т.М. Ткаченко // Проблеми водопостачання, водовідведення та гідравліки: Науково-технічний збірник. - Випуск 27. – Київ: КНУБА, 2016. – С.364369. 7. Ткаченко Т.Н. Методика создания физической модели экстенсивной зеленой кровли / Т.Н. Ткаченко, В.А. Милейковский // Сборник научных трудов института водного хозяйства им. Ц.Е. Мирцхулава Грузинского технического университета. – №71. – Тбилиси: Институт водного хозяйства им. Ц.Е. Мирцхулава Грузинского технического университета, 2016. – С.117-122. – Режим доступа: https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B0_vLlh7O4_RujkxVHJscEtyRXc/view . 8. Ткачук А.Я. Розрахункова модель усередненого руху в турбулентній зоні плоских і вісесиметричних пристінних примежових шарів / А.Я. Ткачук // Вентиляція, освітлення та теплогазопостачання: Науково-технічний збірник. – Вип. 2. – Київ: КНУБА, 2001. – С. 3-18. – Режим доступу: http://science.knuba.edu.ua/source/vydannya/vent-osvitl-teplogaz/ventosvitl-teplogaz-02-2001.pdf . 9. Guarnieri T.J. The Real Cost of Sustainable Development / T.J. Guarnieri // AACE International Transactions. 2008. P. 1–7. Access mode: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/5497224/ . 10. Gumen O. Geometric Analysis of Turbulent Macrostructure in Jets Laid on Flat Surfaces for Turbulence Intensity Calculation / O. Gumen V. Dovhaliuk, V. Mileikovskyi, O. Lebedieva, V. Dziubenko // FME Transactions. -  Belgrade: University of Belgrade, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering. - 2017. - № 2(45). - 313 p. - P.236-242. http://www.mas.bg.ac.rs/_media/istrazivanje/fme/vol45/2/6_vmileikovskyi_et_al.pdf . 11. World Urbanization Prospects. The 2014 Revision. Final Report. -  United Nations, New York, 2015, 493 p. Access mode: https://esa.un.org/unpd/wup/publications/files/wup2014-highlights.Pdf . 
 
 Стаття рекомендована до публікації докт. техн. наук, проф. О. С. Волошкіной (Україна);  докт. фіз.-мат наук, проф. В. М. Міхайленком (Україна) 
  
Стаття надійшла до редколегії 20.04.2017 Прийнята до друку .04.2017 


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.